AskDefine | Define fence

Dictionary Definition

fence

Noun

1 a barrier that serves to enclose an area [syn: fencing]
2 a dealer in stolen property

Verb

1 enclose with a fence; "we fenced in our yard" [syn: fence in]
2 receive stolen goods
3 fight with fencing swords
4 surround with a wall in order to fortify [syn: wall, palisade, fence in, surround]
5 have an argument about something [syn: argue, contend, debate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /fɛn(t)s/
  • /fEn(t)s/
  • Rhymes: -ɛns

Noun

  1. A thin, human-constructed barrier which separates two pieces of land or a house perimeter.
  2. A middleman for transactions of stolen goods.
  3. The place whence such a middleman operates.
  4. Skill in oral debate.
  5. The art or practice of fencing.
  6. A guard or guide on machinery.

Synonyms

Translations

barrier
  • CJKV Characters:
  • Czech: plot
  • Dutch: omheining
  • Finnish: aita
  • French: clôture
  • German: Zaun
  • Hungarian: kerítés
  • Indonesian: pagar
  • Japanese: (かき, kaki)
  • Polish: płot , ogrodzenie
  • Portuguese: cerca
  • Russian: забор, изгородь, ограда
  • Spanish: cerca , cerramiento , barda italbrac Mexico
middleman
  • German: Mittelsmann
  • Hungarian: orgazda
  • Indonesian: perantara
  • Polish: paser
  • Russian: скупщик краденого, барыга (slang)

Derived terms

Verb

  1. To enclose, contain or separate by building fence.
  2. To defend or guard.
  3. To engage in the selling or buying of stolen goods.
  4. To engage in (the sport) fencing.
    • 1921, Rafael Sabatini, Scaramouche,
      Challenges are flying right and left between these bully-swordsmen, these spadassinicides, and poor devils of the robe who have never learnt to fence with anything but a quill.
  5. italbrac equestrian To jump over a fence.

Translations

To build a fence
To sell stolen goods as a middleman
  • Finnish: välittää
to engage in (the sport) fencing
  • Finnish: miekkailla
  • Russian: фехтовать

Synonyms

Extensive Definition

A fence is a freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. It is generally distinguished from a wall by the lightness of its construction: a wall is usually restricted to such barriers made from solid brick or concrete, blocking vision as well as passage (though the definitions overlap somewhat).
Fences are constructed for several purposes, including:

Types

Various types of fencing include:
Alternatives to fencing are a hedge or a ditch (sometimes filled with water, forming a moat).
A balustrade or railing is a kind of fence to prevent people from falling over the edge, for example, on a balcony, stairway (see railing system), roof, bridge, or elsewhere near a body of water, places where people stand or walk and the terrain goes steeply down, and so on.

Requirement of use

The following types of areas or facilities often have to be fenced in:
  • facilities with open high-voltage equipment (transformer stations, mast radiators). Transformer stations are usually surrounded with barbed-wire fences. Around mast radiators, wooden fences are used to avoid the problem of eddy currents.
  • railway lines (in the United Kingdom)
  • fixed machinery with dangerous mobile parts (for example at merry go rounds on entertainment parks)
  • explosive factories and quarry stores
  • most industrial plants
  • airfields
  • military areas
  • prisons
  • zoos and wildlife parks
  • Pastures containing male breeding animals, notably bulls and stallions.
  • open-air areas that charge an entry fee
  • domestic swimming and spa pools

Legal issues

Fences can be the source of bitter arguments between neighbours, and there are often special laws to deal with these problems. Common disagreements include what kind of fence is required, what kind of repairs are needed, and how to share the costs.
In some legislatures the standard height of a fence is limited, and to exceed it a special permit is required.

History

Servitudes are legal arrangements of land use arising out of private agreements. Under the feudal system, most land in England was cultivated in common fields, where peasants were allocated strips of arable land that were used to support the needs of the local village or manor. By the sixteenth century the growth of population and prosperity provided incentives for landowners to use their land in more profitable ways, dispossessing the peasantry. Common fields were aggregated and enclosed by large and enterprising farmers -- either through negotiation among one another or by lease from the landlord -- to maximize the productivity of the available land and contain livestock. Fences redefined the means by which land is used, resulting in the modern law of servitudes. In the United States, the earliest settlers claimed land by simply fencing it in. Later, as the American government formed, unsettled land became technically owned by the government and programs to register land ownership developed, usually making raw land available for low prices or for free, if the owner improved the property, including the construction of fences. However, the remaining vast tracts of unsettled land were often used as a commons, or, in the American west, "open range." As degradation of habitat developed due to overgrazing and a tragedy of the commons situation arose, common areas began to either be allocated to individual landowners via mechanisms such as the Homestead Act and Desert Land Act and fenced in, or, if kept in public hands, leased to individual users for limited purposes, with fences built to separate tracts of public and private land.

Eastern European communist countries

In Eastern European former communist countries, such as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and the former Soviet Union, fences (starting the 1950s until late 1980s) were deprecated and removed, in a move against "private property".

United Kingdom

Where a fence forms an ownership boundary, it is normal for the fence owner to put the fence cladding on their neighbour's side, with the posts on their own side. Where a fence divides two adjacent plots, title deeds for the properties often show who owns the fence.
Where a fence or hedge has an adjacent ditch, the ditch is normally in the same ownership as the hedge or fence, with the ownership boundary being the edge of the ditch furthest from the fence or hedge. The principle of the rule is that an owner digging a boundary ditch will normally dig it up to the very edge of their land, and must then pile the spoil on their own side of the ditch to avoid trespassing on their neighbour. They may then erect a fence or hedge on the spoil, leaving the ditch on its far side. Exceptions often occur, for example where a plot of land derives from subdivision of a larger one along the centre line of a previously existing ditch or other feature.
On private land in the United Kingdom, it is the landowner's responsibility to fence their livestock in. Conversely, for common land, it is the surrounding landowners' responsibility to fence the common's livestock out.

United States

Distinctly different land ownership and fencing patterns arose in the eastern and western United States. Original fence laws on the east coast were based on the British common law system, and rapidly increasing population quickly resulted in laws requiring livestock to be fenced in. In the west, land ownership patterns and policies reflected a strong influence of Spanish law and tradition, plus the vast land area involved made extensive fencing impractical until mandated by a growing population and conflicts between landowners. The "open range" tradition of requiring landowners to fence out unwanted livestock was dominant in most of the rural west until very late in the 20th century, and even today, a few isolated regions of the west still have open range statutes on the books. Today, across the nation, each state is free to develop its own laws regarding fences, but in most cases for both rural and urban property owners, the laws are designed to require adjacent landowners to share the responsibility for maintaining a common boundary fenceline, and the fence is generally constructed on the surveyed property line as precisely as possible.

Quotations

"Good fences make good neighbors." - Robert Frost (ironically, in the poem "Mending Wall").
"A good neighbour is a fellow who smiles at you over the back fence, but doesn't climb over it." - Arthur Baer
"There is something about jumping a horse over a fence, something that makes you feel good. Perhaps it's the risk, the gamble. In any event it's a thing I need." - William Faulkner
"Fear is the highest fence." - Dudley Nichols
"What have they done to the earth?/ What have they done to our fair sister?/ Ravaged and plundered/ and ripped her/ and bit her/ stuck her with knives/ in the side of the dawn/ and tied her with fences/ and dragged her down." - Jim Morrison, of The Doors

References

  • Encyclopedia Britannica (1982). Vol IV, Fence.
fence in Czech: Plot
fence in Danish: Hegn
fence in German: Zaun
fence in Spanish: Alambrada
fence in Esperanto: Barilo
fence in French: Clôture
fence in Western Frisian: Hikke
fence in Indonesian: Pagar
fence in Hebrew: גדר
fence in Lithuanian: Tvora
fence in Dutch: Hek (afrastering)
fence in Dutch Low Saxon: Hekke
fence in Japanese: 塀
fence in Norwegian: Gjerde
fence in Polish: Płot
fence in Russian: Забор
fence in Sicilian: Palacciunata
fence in Simple English: Fence
fence in Finnish: Aita
fence in Swedish: Stängsel
fence in Tamil: வேலி
fence in Chinese: 圍欄

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abatis, about the bush, advanced work, arch dam, arm, armor, armor-plate, around the bush, avoid, backstop, baffle, balistraria, balustrade, bamboo curtain, bank, banquette, bar, barbed wire, barbed-wire entanglement, barbican, barrage, barricade, barrier, bartizan, bastion, battle, battlement, bear-trap dam, beat about, beat around, beaver dam, beg the question, bicker, black-market, black-marketeer, bless, block, blockade, boggle, boom, bootleg, bound, boundary, box, brawl, breakwater, breastwork, brick wall, broil, buffer, bulkhead, bulkhead in, bulwark, cage, casemate, castellate, cavil, center, champion, cheval-de-frise, choplogic, circumscribe, circumvallation, clash, cloak, close, cofferdam, collide, combat, come to blows, compass about, compromise, confine, contend, contest, contravallation, coop, copyright, corral, counterscarp, cover, crenellate, curtain, cushion, cut and thrust, dam, defend, defense, demibastion, dig in, dike, ditch, dodge, drawbridge, duck, duel, earthwork, embankment, embattle, encircle, enclose, enclosure, ensure, entanglement, entrench, equivocate, escarp, escarpment, evade, evade the issue, exchange blows, feint, fences, fend, fend off, feud, fieldwork, fight, fight a duel, foil, fortalice, fortification, fortify, garrison, gate, give and take, give satisfaction, glacis, golden mean, grapple, grapple with, gravity dam, groin, guarantee, guard, half measures, half-and-half measures, halfway measures, happy medium, harbor, haven, hedge, hedgerow, hem, hem and haw, hoarding, hydraulic-fill dam, immure, impartial, indecisive, independent, insure, iron curtain, irresolute, jam, jetty, jostle, joust, keep, keep from harm, leaping weir, levee, logjam, loophole, lunette, machicolation, make safe, man, man the garrison, maneuver, mantelet, mean, medium, merlon, mew, middle course, middle ground, middle way, milldam, mine, mix it up, moat, moderantism, moderate position, moderateness, moderation, moderatism, mole, moonshine, mound, mystify, nestle, neutral, neutral ground, nitpick, obscure, on the fence, outwit, outwork, pale, paling, palisade, palter, parados, parapet, parry, patent, pen, pick nits, picket, police, portcullis, postern gate, prevaricate, protect, pull away, pull back, push, pussyfoot, put off, qualify, quarrel, quibble, rail, railing, rampart, rassle, ravelin, receiver, recoil, redan, redoubt, register, restrict, retaining wall, ride shotgun for, riot, roadblock, rock-fill dam, run a tilt, safeguard, sally port, scarp, sconce, scramble, screen, scuffle, seawall, secure, separate, sheer off, shelter, shield, shift, shift off, shilly-shally, shirk, shove, shrink, shroud, shuffle, shutter dam, shy, shy away, shy off, sidestep, skirmish, spar, split hairs, step aside, stockade, stone wall, stonewall, stop, strive, struggle, surround, swagman, swagsman, swerve, tenaille, tergiversate, third force, thrust and parry, tilt, tourney, trellis, tussle, unbiased, uncertain, uncommitted, undecided, underwrite, unprejudiced, vacillate, vacillating, vallation, vallum, via media, waffle, wage war, wall, war, ward off, weir, wicket dam, work, wrestle, zigzag fence
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